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“带电栽培”助力中国新农业革命‘澳彩网’

时间:2021-02-13
本文摘要:Chinese growers have the answer to a question that has been baffling scientists for three centuries 3360 can electricity boost plant growth?电力能促进植物生长吗?有了这个后遗症,对于科学家们的3世纪问题,中国的种植者们得到了答案。

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Chinese growers have the answer to a question that has been baffling scientists for three centuries 3360 can electricity boost plant growth?电力能促进植物生长吗?有了这个后遗症,对于科学家们的3世纪问题,中国的种植者们得到了答案。To find out,China has been conducting the world ' s largest experiment and the results are transforming agricultural production in the world为了找到答案,中国仍在进行世界上最大规模的实验,其结果将为世界人口大国的农业生产带来巨大的变化。Across the country,from Xinjiang ' s remote Gobi desert to the developed coastal areas facing the Pacific ocean,Vegetable green house farms上个月与中国农业科学院The technique has boosted vegetable output by 20 to 30 percent . pesticide use has decreased 70 to 100 percent . and fertilizer consumption has OS该技术使蔬菜产量增加了20% ~ 30%,农药用量增加了70% ~ 100%,肥料消耗增加了20%以上。the vege tables grow under bare copper wires,Set about three metres above ground level and stretching end to end under the green house roof .the wires are capable of generating rapid,Positive charges as high as 50,000 volts,or more than 400 times the standard residential voltage(约翰肯尼迪,Northern Exposure(美国电视连续剧))The high frequency electricity kills bacteria and virus-transmitting diseases高频电流可以杀死空气或土壤中的细菌和病毒,引导疾病传播,引导叶片水分的表面张力,提高冷却速度。

Within the plants,the transport of naturally charged particles,such as bicarbonate and calcium ions,speed up and metabolic activity植物内部碳酸氢离子、钙离子等天然带电粒子的运输速度减慢,二氧化碳吸收和光合作用等新陈代谢活动也在减少。Professor Liu binjiang,agriculture scientist and a leading member of the project,Said the electric current flowing the wires is only a few他说:“电荷种植对蔬菜和车站附近的工作人员几乎是有害的。”Thanks to the positive findings of the study,the area devoted to electrified farms in China is now growing with un preed刘滨江教授表示,得益于这项研究的巨大成果,中国电荷种植农场的面积正在以前所未有的速度快速增长,每年减少1000 ~ 1300公顷。

that means up to 40 percent growth in electro culture farming could be achieved within the next 12 months。这意味着未来12个月中国的电荷种植增长率平均为40%。“most recent investments have come from the private sector”,Liu said。“the business is taking off . we are supplying the technology and equipment to other countries including the Netherlands Australia and Malaysia柳彬我们正在从荷兰、美国、澳大利亚、马来西亚等其他国家获取技术和设备。

”the British and American authorities each commissioned separate studies on electro culture in the early 20 th century . the British findings werry Ethese experiments were mostly small and conducted in open fields,With conditions which varied from one location to another . the wide range of name那些实验大部分都是在小而空的田野里展开的,条件因地区而异。各种自然因素影响最终结果,在硬件设计、电压、工频等技术细节等方面没有标准化标准。the scientists in these pioneering studies also lacked advanced equipment,such as today ' s portable spectrum analyzer,To study the planalyzer专门研究这些开创性研究的科学家也缺乏当今便携式光谱分析仪等尖端设备,在分子层面研究植物的电反应。

As a consequence,Explanations of the observed phenomenon remained speculative and interest waned with the advent of chemical fertilizers andpublic interest in electro culture revived with the rise of organic farming and the Chinese government started funding experiments in the technique但是随着有机农业的蓬勃发展,对电荷种植的关注完全恢复了,中国从1990年开始资助这项技术的实验。He feng,senior technician of yufa Jing nan vegetable production and sales,one of Beijing ' s largest vegetable producers,Said the2年间,电荷栽培蔬菜意味着减免约120万韩元。”we are still running the equipment,which consumes very little power,“he said .他说:“我们仍然在使用那些设备,耗电量很小。

”One hectare of electrified green house requires about 15 kilowatt-hours of electricity per day,Which is about half talf一公顷的电荷种植温室每天需要使用约15千瓦的电力,约为美国一个普通家庭每天使用的电力的一半。inside the green house the air smells like the after math of a summer thunder storm . humidity is low and the plants rarely get sick。温室,空气湿度低,植物很少遭受病虫害。The biggest burden is The installation cost,he said,with The necessary hardware costing tens of thousands of yuan . without government TheLiu yongyi,《Owner of City Luhai Sightseeing Agriculture Company in Beijing ' s Daxing District》,which is also engaging in electure北京市大兴区城市鹿海兴华观光农业有限公司也在主修从事电荷种植的该公司总经理柳永义表示,该技术将大大减少农药的使用,提高中国的食品安全水平。

“pesticide residue is a huge threat to public health . electricity provides a physical solution to disease and pest control . it is much clee micals。the government should subsidize the electro culture revolution,“he said .他说:“农药残留对公众健康是一个很大的威胁,电力为控制病虫害确保了物理解决方案。

Liu Said Visitors to the Farm Were Intrigued when they Saw the System at work and he believed the public would be quick to end他说:“the theory is easy to understand . I believe people would be willing to pay a premium for electrified vegetables and fruits in the near futureprofessor Liu said there were no plans to electrify them all,as the investment would be unaffordable for most farmers。刘滨江教授说,所有温室还没有通电,His project team is taking a different approach and developing a compact,all-in-one vegetable growing chamber using electro cullectro刘滨江说:“The chamber uses an artificial light source and electric field to stimulate plant growth and prevent diseases . operation is automatic and almoses。

”该种植室利用人工光和电场对植物的生长和疾病进行性刺激和预防,操作员完全自动化,完全不需要烹饪和保障。“one day these tiny chambers may become an alternative to large scale farms,”Liu said。

“that would trigger another agricultural rever。


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